A regulatory review assessing JKN implementation versus design

Resource Type: Publication
Authors:  Likke Putri, Insan Adiwibowo, M. Faozi Kurniawan, Yanti Leosari, Budi Siswoyo,
Crista Dewi Shita Dewi, Susan Gigli, Kelley Laird, and Lisa LeRoy
Published: April 2018

Resource Description: The purpose of the regulatory review undertaken in late 2015 was to understand the effectiveness of existing regulations in implementing JKN, potential shortcomings and opportunities for revisions or clarifications, as well as how implementation deviated or aligned to the original design in the regulations. The regulatory review findings would in turn feed into IR for UHC national and subnational stakeholder engagement process and support the identification of the research questions for cycle 1 of implementation research.

Provision of care at the primary level is the backbone of JKN system and requires effective
regulation. Primary health care is provided in puskesmas (public health centers) and private
practices. The regulatory review focuses on five major features of JKN implementation in
primary health care (PHC) including: provider payment and incentives, service package,
utilization of capitation payment, referral within a multi-tiered system, and enrollment of the
poor and vulnerable. Such features were identified by stakeholders early in the IR for UHC process as important themes to untangle the major problems in the implementation of JKN.
Hence, the study team completed the regulatory review to understand the existing regulations
surrounding the five features and their potential shortcomings and opportunities. Each of the
five topics is addressed below. We first describe the background for each topic, what the
regulations say and then what happened during implementation.


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